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Hirudo medicinalis
english: Medicinal leech
hrvatski: Medicinska pijavica

Carstvo: Animalia
Odjeljak: Annelida
Razred: Clitellata
Red: Hirudinida
Porodica: Hirudinidae
Rod: Hirudo
Vrsta: Hirudo medicinalis

 

English:

Conservation status: strictly protected (Croatia), protected (Bern Convention)

Description: Fully mature adults can be up to 20 cm in length, and are green, brown, or greenish-brown with a darker tone. After piercing the skin they suck out blood. Large adults can consume up to ten times their body weight in a single meal. These leeches can live for up to a year between feeding. Medicinal leeches are hermaphrodites that reproduce by sexual mating, laying eggs in clutches near (but not under) water, and in shaded, humid places.

Distribution: Their range extends over almost the whole of Europe and into Asia as far as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The preferred habitat for this species is muddy freshwater pools and ditches with plentiful weed growth in temperate climates.

Distribution in the Slatina region:
1) Lukavac, Rezulja toponym, on a meadow near Lukavčić Creek.

 

Croatian:

Stupanj zaštite: strogo zaštićena vrsta (RH), zaštićena vrsta (Bernska konvencija)

Opis: Odrasle jedinke mogu narasti i do 20cm , najčešće su zelene, smeđe i zeleno - smeđe boje. Nakon probijanja kože sišu krv. Odrasle jedinke mogu konzumirati količinu krvi deset puta svoje mase u jednom hranjenju, mogu također živjeti do godinu dana između hranjenja. Pijavice su dvospolci, koji se razmnožavaju parenjem. Polažu jaja u gnijezda u sjenovita vlažna mjesta, u blizini vode, ali ne pod vodom.

Rasprostranjenost: Naseljavaju gotovo cijelu Europu i Aziju sve do Kazakhstana i Uzbekistana. Ove vrste najčešće žive mulju slatkovodnih bara i jarcima. Odgovara im umjerena klima.

Rasprostranjenost na području Slatine:
1) Lukavac, toponim Rezulja, na livadi u blizini potoka Lukavčić.

 

Map of relative distribution / Karta relativne rasprostranjenosti vrste:

Hirudo medicinalis - Pijavica

Hirudo medicinalis - Pijavica


 
 

Copyright © 2011-2012 Nature of the Slatina region. All rights reserved.
by Dragan Prlić & Mario Stojčić